Optogenetics is a booming multidisciplinary bioengineering
technology. It has the characteristic of high spatial-temporal
resolution and cell-type specific. It overcomes the
disadvantages of traditional methods of the activity control for
the cell and organism, and also provides a revolutionary method
for the research of neuroscience. The research fields include
fundamental research of neural circuit, study and memory
research, habituation research, dyskinesia, sleep disorders,
parkinsonism, depressive disorder, anxiety disorder etc., and
many classic laboratory animal germ line (drosophila melanogaster,
nemathelminth, mice, Marmoset, and machin etc.).
Neuroscience is the
scientific study of the nervous system. It is currently an
interdisciplinary science that collaborates with other fields
such as chemistry, computer science, engineering, linguistics,
mathematics, medicine, genetics, and allied disciplines
including philosophy, physics, and psychology. It also exerts
influence on other fields, such as neuroinduction and neurology.
The scope of neuroscience has broadened to include different
approaches used to study the molecular, cellular, developmental,
structural, functional, evolutionary, computational, and medical
aspects of the nervous system.